National Coat of Arms is inspired on the one designed by poet
Miguel Teurbe Tolón, under the
ideas by Narciso López for
the National Flag. The present day Coat of Arms differs something
from the one originally made in 1849 as a sketch to La
newspaper, directed by Teurbe in New York and used by López
to seal official documents and bonds issued by him, as provisional
Chief of State of Cuba, between 1850 and 1851.
Its present-day design was officialy approved
by the Assembly of Guáimaro,
when the Republic of Cuba was created. According to Law
No. 42 it is a Symbol of the Nation.
The aforementioned National Coat of Arms
represents the Island of Cuba. It is formed by two archs of
similar circles which cut backing their concavity one to the
other, like a heart-shaped ogive, and is divided in three
bodies, spaces or fields. Cuba, as the key of the Gulf of
Mexico, the union of the Cubans, the sun of liberty, the colors
of the flag and a typical Cuban landscape are present in the
coat of arms.
A red Phrygian cap, emblem from the French Revolution, pointing
to the right in its upper part, appears in its design This
cap had been used by men who got freedom in ancient times.
In its central part appears a five-pointed white star, one
of them ponting up, and, just like the flag, it represents
the independent state.
The Coat of Arms is hold by a bunch of eleven sticks tied
by a red ribbon , x-crossed, meaning union, because strength
is in it . The upper horizonal field represents a sea, with
two capes, mountains or land points, which symbolizes the
position of Cuba between the two Americas and the rising of
a new nation.
A golden rod key placed in a blue sea closes the strait.
At the bottom, a raising sun spreads its rays all over he
sky, remembering the place of Cuba: “The Key of the
New World”, the link between America and Europe and
North and South America, as well as the shining rise of the
In its lower left field appears a rural landscape, green
and mountain site, with a blue and clear sky, symbolizing
our environment, plain and natural, presided by a palm tree,
a royal palm, the typical Cuban tree, with its central leave
bud pointing up, emblem of the straight character of the Cuban